I'm very new to Sage so I apologize if the code stinks.

Note 1: In order to distinguish between Alice and Bob's variables, Alice variable's all begin with "A_" and Bob's with "B_". Shared parameters (such as the curve E) do not have a prefix.

Note 2: I'm using static values for everything. In reality, a, b and r should be random. Feel free to change the values. Alice and Bob should still agree on their shared key S.

Note 3: I don't use a salt value. It's important in real life, but not necessary here.

# NIST Parameters

NIST_p = 115792089210356248762697446949407573530086143415290314195533631308867097853951

NIST_r = 115792089210356248762697446949407573529996955224135760342422259061068512044369

NIST_b = Integer(0x5ac635d8aa3a93e7b3ebbd55769886bc651d06b0cc53b0f63bce3c3e27d2604b)

NIST_Px = Integer(0x6b17d1f2e12c4247f8bce6e563a440f277037d812deb33a0f4a13945d898c296)

NIST_Py = Integer(0x4fe342e2fe1a7f9b8ee7eb4a7c0f9e162bce33576b315ececbb6406837bf51f5)

NIST_Qx = Integer(0xc97445f45cdef9f0d3e05e1e585fc297235b82b5be8ff3efca67c59852018192)

NIST_Qy = Integer(0xb28ef557ba31dfcbdd21ac46e2a91e3c304f44cb87058ada2cb815151e610046)

# Construct E and Q using NIST parameters

F = GF(NIST_p)

E = EllipticCurve(F, [0, 0, 0, -3, NIST_b])

print "E: " + str(E)

Q = E(NIST_Qx, NIST_Qy)

print "Q: " + str(Q) + "\n"

# Use Alice's password hash to determine P

x = Integer(0x4efa264f5ef3e1a5c95736e07544ebf0)

print "MD5 Hash of \"curve\", x = " + str(x)

P = x*Q

print "P = x*Q = " + str(P) + "\n"

#Create Alice's public key

A_a = Integer(0xd103fb3406c351a03578097503d26fa5)

A_A = A_a*Q

print "Alice's secret key a = " + str(A_a)

print "Alice's public key A = a*Q = " + str(A_A) + "\n"

#Give Alice's key to Bob

B_A = A_A

# Create Bob's public key, Bprime

B_b = Integer(0x6abd98d8b311a26ab2cab394e1ecb8af)

print "Bob's secret key b = " + str(B_b)

B_Bprime = B_b*Q

print "Bob's value of Bprime = " + str(B_Bprime) + "\n"

# Generate Tp and Tq

B_r = Integer(0xdfd98dc638b36d4f86712de2e3bd37de)

print "Bob's random value r = " + str(B_r)

B_Tq = B_r*Q

B_Tp = B_r*P

print "Bob's Tq = r*Q = " + str(B_Tq)

print "Bob's Tp = r*P = " + str(B_Tp)

# Mask Bob's public key using Tp

B_B = B_Bprime+B_Tp

print "Bob's value of B = " + str(B_B) + "\n"

# Give B and Tq to Alice

A_Tq = B_Tq

A_B = B_B

# Calculate Alice's Tp

A_Tp = x*A_Tq

A_Bprime = A_B - A_Tp

print "Alice's Tp = " + str(A_Tp)

print "Alice's Bprime = " + str(A_Bprime) + "\n"

# Alice's calculation of the shared key

A_S = A_a*A_Bprime

print "Alice's S = " + str(A_S)

# Bob's calculation of the shared key

B_S = B_b*B_A

print "Bob's S = " + str(B_S)

Here's a screen capture of the output:

Click for full size |

## No comments:

## Post a Comment